The negative effects on Sudan and Egypt of the great Ethiopian Renaissance Dam
Known as a millennium dam and sometimes Hidase dam it is a gravity dam in the Blue Nile in Ethiopia, The dam created for electricity production in Ethiopia and the neighboring countries, with a capacity of 6.45gigawatts, and providing water for the Ethiopians. It is the largest hydroelectric power plant in Africa and one of the seventh-largest in the world. It turned out there is a steady increase in the water held by the grand dam, which led to the anger of Egypt and Sudan because they depend almost entirely on the Nile for their water needs and the effect will increase on the dry season.
Dam negative effects:
- Losing amount of water in Egypt and Sudan equivalent to the dead storage capacity of renaissance dam, which ranges between 5 to 25 billion cubic meters according to the reservoir capacity, this loss requires knowing about it in terms of quantity and operating time to take precautions to avoid the water shortage crisis.
- Increase in Egypt external indebtedness ‘due to increased borrowing to import vegetables and fruits in order to fill the deficit, which will lead to increase of people living below the poverty line to more 25%(as some studies indicate) due to the huge rise in prices as a result of the decrease in the local agricultural crop and the import of most vegetable fruit from the abroad.
- Blocking the silt in front of the renaissance dam is going to deprive Sudan of the natural nutrients of its land, which requires the uses of industrial fertilizers, whether by importing or manufacturing that they will get from the Ethiopian renaissance dam.
- There is a possibility of the dam to collapse due to geological factors and speed of the surge of the blue Nile water which sometimes (autumn) reaches more than half a billion cubic meters per day, and if that happens the greatest damage will catch up with Sudanese villages and cities, especially Khartoum which may be washed away in a manner similar to the Japanese tsunami.
Around this point, Stanley of the Smithsonian said, Egypt needs to invest in freshwater desalination, like Saudi Arabia, and water-saving gout irrigation, like Israel. With Egypt facing a “contraceptive epidemic” now as well, greater government spending in family planning will benefit in the longer term. Yet with the Nile no longer possessing their birthright, and the Nile delta slowly sinking into the sea, millions of people in Egypt would eventually have to look elsewhere for a livable future.