March 23 is widely known as Shaheed Diwas or Martyrs’ Day in India. The day commemorates the hanging of India’s three freedom fighters Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar, and Shivaram Rajguru. The three younger freedom fighters, who believed within the ideology of constructing some noise to get up the slumbering British rulers, have been hanged by the colonialists on March 23, 1931 in Lahore Jail. Leader of the trio and one of the crucial revered younger voices from Punjab was Bhagat Singh, who was born on September 28, 1907 in Lyallpur, Punjab. Together along with his companions Rajguru, Sukhdev, Azad, and Gopal, Singh fought in opposition to the British.
The group was deeply affected by the assassination of Lala Lajpat Rai. A lawyer by career, Rai led a non-violent protest in opposition to the Simon Commission when it visited Lahore on October 30, 1928. The British Raj police reverted with deadly pressure, finishing up a lathi-charge. It was throughout this lathi cost that Singh witnessed a brutal assault on Rai, who suffered critical accidents within the police assault and ultimately died on November 17, 1928, of a coronary heart assault.
Sukhdev, born on May 15 1907 in Ludhiana, got here involved with Singh in 1921 when he was a scholar of National College. He joined the underground revolutionary organisation, Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), which included Singh, Rajguru and Chandrashekhar Azad. The affiliation declared itself socialist in 1928.
Singh and his companions determined to strike again on the British in their very own method. In 1928, they deliberate to kill the police chief answerable for the dying of Rai, one of many founders of National College, throughout a silent march opposing the Simon Commission. However, they didn’t establish their goal and junior officer J.P. Saunders was killed. Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev needed to flee Lahore to flee the dying penalty.
In 1929, he and an affiliate threw a bomb on the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi to protest the implementation of the Defence of India Act by cheering the slogan of “Inquillab Zindabad (long live the revolution)”. Besides being a freedom fighter, Singh additionally labored as a author and editor in Amritsar for Punjabi and Urdu language newspapers that talked about Marxist theories.