Let’s learn about dogs | Science News for Students


anatomy: (adj. anatomical) The research of the organs and tissues of animals. Or the characterization of the physique or elements of the physique on the idea of construction and tissues. Scientists who work on this area are generally known as anatomists.

micro organism: (singular: bacterium) Single-celled organisms. These dwell practically all over the place on Earth, from the underside of the ocean to inside different dwelling organisms (reminiscent of crops and animals). Bacteria are one of many three domains of life on Earth.

breed: (noun) Animals inside the similar species which can be so genetically related that they produce dependable and attribute traits. German shepherds and dachshunds, for occasion, are examples of canine breeds. (verb) To produce offspring by replica.

canine: Members of the organic household of canids. These are carnivores and omnivores. The household contains dogs, wolves, foxes, jackals and coyotes. 

conservation: The act of preserving or defending one thing. The focus of this work can vary from artwork objects to endangered species and different facets of the pure surroundings.

coronavirus: A household of viruses named for the crown-like spikes on their floor (corona means “crown” in Latin). Coronaviruses trigger the frequent chilly. The household additionally contains viruses that trigger way more critical infections, together with SARS.

DNA: (brief for deoxyribonucleic acid) An extended, double-stranded and spiral-shaped molecule inside most dwelling cells that carries genetic directions. It is constructed on a spine of phosphorus, oxygen, and carbon atoms. In all dwelling issues, from crops and animals to microbes, these directions inform cells which molecules to make.

domestication: A course of of manufacturing a tame model of an animal from a wild one, which may take hundreds of years. A domesticated animal is one which has been bred in captivity.

ice age: Earth has skilled not less than 5 main ice ages, that are extended durations of unusually chilly climate skilled by a lot of the planet. During that point, which may final lots of to hundreds of years, glaciers and ice sheets increase in measurement and depth. The most up-to-date ice age peaked 21,500 years in the past, however continued till about 13,000 years in the past.

invasive: An adjective that refers to one thing that may invade some surroundings (reminiscent of an invasive species) or alter some surroundings (reminiscent of invasive medical procedures).

pup: A time period given to the younger of many animals, from dogs and mice to seals.

species: A gaggle of comparable organisms able to producing offspring that may survive and reproduce.

tone: (in psychology) Changes in a voice that categorical a selected feeling or temper.

virus: Tiny infectious particles consisting of RNA or DNA surrounded by protein. Viruses can reproduce solely by injecting their genetic materials into the cells of dwelling creatures. Although scientists ceaselessly consult with viruses as stay or useless, actually no virus is actually alive. It doesn’t eat like animals do, or make its personal meals the way in which crops do. It should hijack the mobile equipment of a dwelling cell in an effort to survive.


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