History and Significance of the Assamese Festival


Assam’s Bohag Bihu competition is a time of celebration marks the starting of the Assamese New Year. The phrase “Bihu” is derived from the Sanskrit phrase Bishu, that means “to ask blessings and prosperity from the Gods” earlier than the onset of the harvest season. It is widely known over seven days. This 12 months it begins on April 14.

Based on the yearly climate calendar, there are three sorts of Bihu: Bohag or Rongali (April), Kati or Kartik (October), and Magh or Maghar Domahi (January). All three are associated to the primarily agrarian society of Assam. The April Bihu is known as after the beginning month of the Assamese New Year, “Bohag”. Kati Bihu marks the ongoing harvest season when the crops are at a rising stage and the Magh Bihu symbolises the finish of the harvest season.

During the Bohag Bihu, Assamese individuals, dressed of their conventional apparel similar to dhoti, gamosa, and saadar mekhela, dance in circles singing the conventional Bihu Geet.

The Bihu competition commences with Raati Bihu, when ladies collect in an open subject and rejoice round a bonfire.

The first day of this Bihu is named Goru Bihu and normally falls on the final day of the outgoing 12 months. On this present day, farmers take their cows to a pond or river to offer them a shower. Later, they apply Mah-Haldi of turmeric powder and pulses on the animals and adorn them with plant twigs.

The second day is Manuh Bihu when individuals put on new garments and eat sweets to mark the new 12 months. The third Gosai Bihu is the day of worship. On Kutum Bihu, individuals go to their relations. Senehi Bihu is reserved for lovers who alternate presents referred to as “Bihuwan”. The competition culminates with Mela Bihu when individuals organise gala’s.

Throughout the seven days, a spread of dishes are ready and group feasts are organized. It is believed that it started when individuals began tilling the land in the Brahmaputra Valley for sustenance.

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